works from 2015

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Osaka University Arts Festival: Memory, Democracy, and Identity III

Artist in Residence Program 2015-2016

Osaka, Japan

Date: 17 Dec. 2015 to 26 Jan. 2016

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“Home away Home” is the project, which is designed in periphery of the journey of Rickshaw. The word “Rickshaw” derives from Japanese word “Jin Riki Sha”, which means literally man-powered vehicle. The name was originally given to the hand-pulled rickshaws, but now it applies to the cycle-rickshaws of Nepal, Bangladesh and India as well.

Jin Riki Sha was invented in the middle of 19th century in Japan. In south Asia Jin Riki Sha is called Tana rickshaw. By the Second World War, Jin Riki Sha (Tana rickshaw) became very popular as easiest and cheapest transportation in the different urban cities of the world. Day-by-day lots of changes / development make it more comfortable and stylish. During the middle of the 20th century, it was moving in the big urban cities as well as small towns of the Asia as important part of human civilization.

_MG_2857in 1929, cycle rickshaw was introduced in Asia and it slowly replaced the original Jin riki sha and from the end of 20th century ‘tana rickshaw / Jin Riki Sha’ disappeared from the main big cities of Asia. Now a day, we can only see the rickshaw (cycle ricksha) in Bangladesh, India and some parts of Nepa.

_MG_2385In Bangladesh, jin riki sha (tana Rickshaw) was introduced in 1919 and in 1938 cycle rickshaw was appeared in the capital city Dhaka. It was only after 1938 that rickshaw became the part of daily life of Bangladeshi people. In Bangladesh Rickshaw is established not only as the mean of transportation but also as an art (rickshaw culture). During 60’s and 70’s Bangladeshi Rickshaw art became world famous. Those days, rickshaw art played vital role in liberation war of Bangladesh. Till now rickshaw art of Bangladesh deal with national / international social, political issues and established as urban folk art.

Rickshaw artists have been doing lots of experiment in rickshaw art. In 80’s they installed sound in rickshaw and made disco rickshaw.

Though rickshaw culture was getting popular day by day in south Asia, rickshaw was totally disappeared from its origin, Japan.

This art project “Home way Home” is the small effort to bring jin riki sha (rickshaw) to its own origin/birth place after centuries’ long world journey.

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